18 Oct 2020
4 Common complications after stroke & how to manage
After having a stroke, you may experience certain physical and mental complications. Through this topic we will highlight the most common complications of stroke and discuss how to manage it properly.
- Deep vein thrombosis (DVT): it usually develops as a result of prolonged recumbency during recovery from stroke; it's mainly manifested with painful swelling of the leg. DVT turns into life-threatening condition when the blood clots migrate to the blood vessels of the lung and cause pulmonary embolism. Proper management of DVT involves anticoagulants to stop blood clotting.
- Chronic headache: it's very common in hemorrhagic stroke; this is because blood may irritate the brain tissue and causing persistent headache. Management of this pattern of headache is variable; it may be managed just with analgesics or may require suction of the blood by a minimally-invasive procedure.
- Aphasia & speech disorders: it usually occurs as a result of damage of the speech center in the brain. Management plan consists mainly of speech & behavioral therapy.
- Depression: medical studies showed that people after stroke may experience deterioration of memory, insomnia and sleeping disorders. All these factors contribute to feeling of sadness, which may rise up to depression. Antidepressants and psychotherapy seem to be good choices to control depression.