27 Sep 2020
5 Facts about bone fractures in kids
- Predisposing factors of recurrent bone fractures in kids include the following:
- Vitamin D deficiency.
- Thyroid problems.
- Kidney diseases.
- Inflammatory diseases.
- Autoimmune diseases.
- Metabolic disorders.
- Family history of bone disorders.
- Calcium and vitamin D are the main components needed for maintaining healthy bones and protecting kids from exposure to bone fractures.
- Calcium-rich foods (such as milk, dairy products, eggs, meat… etc.) are the main sources of calcium, while sunlight are the main source of vitamin D as well as some certain foods such as fish. Also, calcium & vitamin D supplementation may be required.
- Kids need about 2000 international units of vitamin D every day during childhood, while the daily requirement of calcium for kids increases by age as follow:
- 1-3 years old: they need 0.7 gm of calcium every day.
- 4-8 years old: they need 1 gm of calcium every day.
- 9-18 years old: they need 1.3 gm of calcium every day.
- To promote bone health and to avoid exposure to frequent bone fractures, they following tips are recommended:
- Avoiding soft drinks.
- Maintaining healthy weight.
- Doing some exercise.
- Following a healthy diet plan with increasing intake of calcium & vitamin D rich foods.