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5 Facts about bone fractures in kids

5 Facts about bone fractures in kids

  1. Predisposing factors of recurrent bone fractures in kids include the following:
  • Vitamin D deficiency.
  • Thyroid problems.
  • Kidney diseases.
  • Inflammatory diseases.
  • Autoimmune diseases.
  • Metabolic disorders.
  • Family history of bone disorders.
  1. Calcium and vitamin D are the main components needed for maintaining healthy bones and protecting kids from exposure to bone fractures.
  2. Calcium-rich foods (such as milk, dairy products, eggs, meat… etc.) are the main sources of calcium, while sunlight are the main source of vitamin D as well as some certain foods such as fish. Also, calcium & vitamin D supplementation may be required.
  3. Kids need about 2000 international units of vitamin D every day during childhood, while the daily requirement of calcium for kids increases by age as follow:
  • 1-3 years old: they need 0.7 gm of calcium every day.
  • 4-8 years old: they need 1 gm of calcium every day.
  • 9-18 years old: they need 1.3 gm of calcium every day.
  1. To promote bone health and to avoid exposure to frequent bone fractures, they following tips are recommended:
  • Avoiding soft drinks.
  • Maintaining healthy weight.
  • Doing some exercise.
  • Following a healthy diet plan with increasing intake of calcium & vitamin D rich foods.

 

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